Pros and Cons of a Florida Ladybird Deed

by | Nov 5, 2023 | Estate Planning

A Florida Ladybird Deed, also known as an Enhanced Life Estate Deed, is an increasingly popular legal instrument used in estate planning. This type of deed allows property owner(s) to retain control over their homestead property without losing the homestead or tax benefits, while also designating beneficiaries who will inherit it upon their passing. Like any legal tool, there are advantages and disadvantages associated with the use of a Florida Ladybird Deed. In this article, we’ll explore the pros and cons of this estate planning option.


Avoiding Probate

One of the most significant advantages of a Florida Ladybird Deed is the ability to transfer property to heirs without going through the probate process. Probate can be a lengthy, costly, frustrating, and it’s public legal proceeding. Many individuals seek to avoid it to simplify the transfer of assets to their loved ones. The Ladybird Deed allows for a seamless transfer of property upon the owner’s passing, thus saving time and money.

Retaining Control

Unlike traditional irrevocable trusts, Ladybird Deeds are revocable during the property owner’s lifetime. This means the owner maintains full control and can sell, mortgage, or change beneficiaries without seeking their consent. This flexibility is especially advantageous for those who are unsure about their future plans or who want to maintain control over their property.

Medicaid Planning

A Florida Ladybird Deed can be used for Medicaid planning. When someone applies for Medicaid, the government reviews their assets to determine eligibility. By using a Ladybird Deed, individuals can protect their primary residence from being counted as an available asset for Medicaid purposes, potentially preserving it for their heirs while still receiving government benefits.

Minimized Capital Gains Tax/Preservation of Step Up Basis

When property is transferred through a Florida Ladybird Deed, the recipient inherits the property with a stepped-up basis per the IRS rules, which can minimize capital gains tax liability if they decide to sell the property. This can be a significant financial advantage for heirs.



Ladybird Deeds can be complex legal instruments, and they must be executed precisely according to Florida law. Making a mistake in the deed’s language or execution can have serious consequences and potentially negate the desired benefits. It is crucial to consult with an experienced attorney to ensure compliance with all legal requirements.

Limited Control for Beneficiaries

While the property owner retains control during their lifetime, the beneficiaries have no say in the property’s management or disposition until after the owner’s passing. This can be a disadvantage if beneficiaries have conflicting interests or concerns about how the property is being maintained.

Potential Legal Challenges

Ladybird Deeds may be challenged by other potential heirs, heirs who don’t agree on disposition of that asset, or creditors of the deceased owner. This could lead to legal disputes and delays in the property’s transfer, potentially negating some of the benefits of avoiding probate.

Unsuitable for All Situations

Florida Ladybird Deeds are not a one-size-fits-all solution. They are most suitable for primary residences and may not be the best choice for rental properties or real estate with multiple owners. Each individual’s circumstances and estate planning goals should be carefully considered before using this tool.


A Florida Ladybird Deed offers distinct advantages for those seeking to simplify the transfer of property and avoid probate. However, it is essential to recognize the potential complexities and disadvantages, especially if not executed correctly or used in situations where it may not be the most suitable option. To make an informed decision, consult with an attorney at Vermillion Law. We’d be happy to help.